Hysteroscopy is a procedure that allows looking inside the uterus in order to diagnose and treat if any abnormality is present. It uses a thin viewing tool called a hysteroscope. The tip of the hysteroscope is put into your vagina and gently moved through the cervix into the uterus. The hysteroscope has a light and camera hooked to it, connected to a video screen. Hysteroscopy is used for following reasons –
- To examine the general condition of the uterus before IVF treatment,
- Find the cause and surgical treatment of severe cramping or abnormal bleeding,
- Find the problems in the size and shape of the uterus (mullerian anomalies) and if possible treat by septum resection,
- To examine the opening of the fallopian tubes called ostia. If any blockage it can be managed surgically,
- To diagnose and remove unwanted growth in the uterus like fibroids, myomas, polyps, etc,
- To check for any abnormal growth (genital koch’s, cancerous growth) and take biopsy samples for histopathological examinations.